The mission of the Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts consists of:
maintaining the highest level of scientific research in the fields of mathematics, mechanics and computer science,
mobilizing mathematical resources in Serbia, offering research infrastructure and improving communication between groups having similar scientific interest,
discovering ways and means of applying scientific results,
solving problems posed by sciences and industry,
organizing all sorts of scientific and expert training and participating in organization and delivery of doctoral studies,
organizing international collaborations and supporting participation in domestic and international scientific conferences,
supporting the education of young people of exceptional talent.